The following is from the Indiana Field Office of USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service for the week ending April 16.
Warmer weather improved field conditions.
The week started with some storms and hail. However, strong winds and decreased rainfall helped dry field surfaces to allow farmers to begin field preparation for planting spring crops.
Average temperatures were 61.1 degrees, 10.7 degrees above normal for the state.
The amounts of rainfall varied from zero to 1.67 inches over the week.
The U.S. Drought Monitor reported abnormally dry conditions in southern Indiana, mainly north and south of Interstate 64. There were 3.2 days available for fieldwork.
Termination of cover crops has started and some anhydrous ammonia application has begun. A small amount of farmers reported corn, soybean and mint being planted. Melon transplants are being set. Pastures, hay and wheat fields are greening up.
Livestock were reported on average to be in good condition and some have been moved to pastures.
Other activities for the week included continued work on equipment, indoor activities, delivery of seed, cleaning ditches, tillage, moving grain from bins and visiting FSA offices.
Topsoil moisture was rated very short, 1 percent; short, 5 percent; adequate, 68 percent; surplus, 26 percent.
Subsoil moisture was rated very short, 1 percent; short, 6 percent; adequate, 73 percent; surplus, 20 percent.
The crop progress schedule (last week, previous week, 2016 and 5-year average) showed: corn planted, 4, 0, 1, 6; winter wheat jointing, 36, NA, 45, NA; winter wheat headed, 3, 0, 0, 2.