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34% of Indiana Corn Harvest Complete

Published: Friday, October 16, 2020

The following is from the Indiana Field Office of USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service for the week ending Oct. 11.

Dry weather returned last week with much of the state seeing very little, if any, rainfall. The northern, central and southern parts of the state all saw precipitation levels well below normal. Soil moisture levels decreased significantly from the previous week, with 75 percent of topsoil moisture reported as short or very short.

The average temperature was 60.7 degrees F, 4.9 degrees above normal.

The amount of rainfall varied from none to .50 inches over the week. The statewide average precipitation was .08 inches.

There were 6.7 days suitable for fieldwork.

The unusually dry conditions allowed farmers to make significant progress with corn and soybean harvests and helped push the later planted crops into maturity.

The dry weather, however, also caused concern for winter wheat emergence and fall forage conditions. While winter wheat planted was ahead of the 5-year average, the lack of moisture kept winter wheat emergence behind schedule.

Pasture conditions also declined from the previous week, with reports of some producers feeding hay earlier than normal.

Other activities for the week included hauling grain, testing crop moisture content, planting cover crops and taking soil samples.

Topsoil moisture was rated very short, 31 percent; short, 44 percent; adequate, 24 percent; surplus, 1 percent.

Subsoil moisture was rated very short, 30 percent; short, 46 percent; adequate, 24 percent; surplus, 0.

The crop progress schedule (last week, previous week, 2019 and 5-year average) showed: corn mature, 91, 83, 67, 88; corn harvested for grain, 34, 22, 21, 37; corn harvested for silage, 97, 94, 100, 99; soybeans dropping leaves, 95, 90, 79, 91; soybeans harvested, 52, 30, 25, 44; winter wheat planted, 47, 24, 31, 38; winter wheat emerged, 8, 3, 7, 13; alfalfa hay, fourth cutting, 83, 77, 64, 76; other hay, third cutting, 94, 93, 90, 95; other hay, fourth cutting, 43, 13, 42, NA.

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