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Politics Driving Carbon Pipeline

by Alan Guebert

Published: Friday, January 27, 2023

The following is from Alan Guebert, a freelance agricultural journalist from Illinois.

Many policy choices are made on politics alone while other key decisionmaking elements like cost, science and even common sense play a lesser or no role at all.

In the old days, this political math resulted in—literally and figuratively—"bridges to nowhere" that cost millions and did little other than raise the local politician's reelection odds.

Today, these exercises of magical thinking cost billions and enrich local oligarchs and distant financiers who then, in turn, bankroll the campaigns of favor-delivering politicians to ensure their gravy train continues to run on time.

Last November, the Oakland Institute, an independent policy think tank in Oakland, Calif., published a detailed report on one of these costly, gassy trains, Summit Carbon Solutions' 2,000-mile carbon pipeline across Iowa, Nebraska, North and South Dakota, and Minnesota.

Summit calls its expensive, scientifically-dubious project the Midwest Carbon Express because it hopes to tie 33 "biorefineries"—mostly ethanol plants—together with a pipeline ranging from "four inches to two feet in diameter and placed at least four feet underground" to carry compressed CO2 to North Dakota.

Once there, Summit claims, the CO2 will be "permanently and safely stored underground."

While all of that scrubbed pleasant-speak may sound like an innovative, ag-based way to somewhat balance the amount of climate-changing carbon emitted by today's intensive livestock and cropping systems, the Oakland Institute sees it as a pressurized pipeline of baloney.

In fact, the Institute uses another descriptive B word in the title of its 31-page report that gets right to the heart of Summit's plan; it calls it "The Great Carbon Boondoggle." Both this week and next we'll examine what Oakland found in its deep dive into Summit's promises, partners and finances and why now more farmers seem to be denying Summit easements across their land than allowing them.

First, however, explains Oakland, backers of Summit's carbon capture and storage (CCS) technology, overlook "the growing body of evidence exposing CCS as a false climate solution ..." Indeed, "Despite billions of taxpayer dollars spent on CCS to date ... it has 'not been proven feasible or economic at scale.'"

Even more damning, the report continues, "Over 95% of the CO2 captured by these plants"—mostly "ethanol, natural gas processing or fertilizer plants"—"is currently used for enhanced oil recovery (EOR) ... to boost oil production" that is then refined and burned to create even more CO2.

Summit won't say what the CO2 will, in the end, be used for, but maps of its proposed pipeline route show the five-state network ending in North Dakota, home of one of the nation's largest "frac" oil fields, the Bakken, that relies almost entirely on enhanced oil recovery techniques to keep its thick crude oil pumping and its carbon-black river running.

Furthermore, "Summit also claims the pipeline will 'bolster the ethanol and agriculture industries,' by making the ethanol produced at their partner facilities 'net zero fuel' by 2030." More Grade A baloney, says Oakland.

The think tank isn't the only group questioning Summit's grandiose Midwest Carbon Express. Farmers, too, are less than enthusiastic about granting Summit pipeline easements, no matter its size or depth, across their land.

According to Oakland's report, Summit began gathering voluntary easements in the summer of 2021 along its planned route. By August, Summit claimed to have "agreements with 1,400 landowners on 2,200 tracts of land across the entire Midwest" and "easements" with 700 landowners on 1,500 parcels in Iowa alone.

Last August, however, signups appear to have slowed to the point, Oakland continues, that "the company announced plans to begin filing for eminent domain against balking landowners."

And it's just not farmers on or near the pipeline's path that are balking. According to Oakland, "A 2022 poll of Iowa voters indicated 80% opposed the use of eminent domain for carbon pipelines ..."

So, if the Midwest Carbon Express pipeline isn't "green" and isn't wanted by environmentalists and landowners alike, why is it still such a talked-about issue in Midwestern agriculture?

Two reasons: money and politics. More on both next week.

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